Gartner: En el 2012 el 80% de las aplicaciones comerciales utilizaran Software Libre

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tux-logo.pngReporte Gardner dixit: ” Para el 2012, el 80% de las aplicaciones comerciales incluirán elementos de tecnología software libre” de acuerdo al reporte. “Muchas de las aplicaciones open source se encuentran maduras, estables y soportadas correctamente. Proveen significantes oportunidades para vendedores y usuarios para reducir los costos de propiedad y aumentar el retorno de la inversión. Este cambiose notará sobre todo en la industria de los celulares. Ignorar esto pondrá a las compañias y a los gobiernos en una desventaja significante.
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Gartner: 80% of commercial apps to use open source by 2012

By Ryan Paul | Published: February 05, 2008 – 09:59AM CT

Research firm Gartner believes that 80 percent of all commercial software applications will include open-source components by 2012. Gartner notes that the value and robustness of open-source software offers compelling opportunities for commercial software developers to reduce development costs. This prediction was included in a collection of educated guesses published by the company late last month in an effort to provide insight into possible trends for the coming years.

“By 2012, 80 per cent of all commercial software will include elements of open-source technology,” Gartner wrote in a report. “Many open-source technologies are mature, stable and well supported. They provide significant opportunities for vendors and users to lower their total cost of ownership and increase returns on investment. Ignoring this will put companies at a serious competitive disadvantage. Embedded open-source strategies will become the minimal level of investment that most large software vendors will find necessary to maintain competitive advantages during the next five years.”

Open-source technologies are already broadly used across the entire spectrum of the software industry, which means that Gartner’s guess looks like a safe bet. The research firm is primarily referring to developer-oriented software components that are distributed under permissive open-source licenses—such as the BSD license and GNU’s Lesser General Public License (LGPL)—that broadly permit inclusion of licensed source code in proprietary software and do not mandate the broad reciprocity requirements that are found in popular copyleft open-source licenses like the regular General Public License.

Commercial software developers often adopt permissively-licensed open-source software components and include them in their own applications to reduce development time. Some open-source implementations of commonly-used technologies are so widely adopted in commercial software applications that they have nearly become de facto industry standards. A few examples include the zlib data compression library, the OpenSSL secure sockets layer library, and the Boost C++ libraries. These open-source technologies can be found in mainstream commercial software applications developed by a wide range of well-known companies, like Adobe, Real Networks, McAfee, and many others. Some proprietary software application developers are also embedding or building on top of open-source runtime engines like XULRunner, and Mono (for those who are curious: Joost uses XULRunner and Linden Lab is adopting Mono for the next generation scripting engine in Second Life).

As these trends continue to escalate, major software companies that build development tools will make more of the source code for those tools available under open licenses. Last year, Sun finally liberated the source code for much of the Java development platform, Microsoft released several prominent components of its .NET architecture under its own OSI-approved open-source software licenses, and Adobe opened up some of the underlying pieces of the Flex and Flash infrastructure. A growing number of developers simply expect the tools they work with to be available under open licenses and consider proprietary development tools a liability.

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